SpringBoot(十三)_springboot上传Excel并读取excel中的数据

今天工作中,发现同事在整理数据,通过excel上传到数据库。所以现在写了篇利用springboot读取excel中的数据的demo。至于数据的进一步处理,大家肯定有不同的应用场景,自行修改

pom文件

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.poi</groupId>
            <artifactId>poi</artifactId>
            <version>3.13</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.poi</groupId>
            <artifactId>poi-ooxml</artifactId>
            <version>3.13</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

controller 代码


@Controller
public class ImportController {

    @Autowired
    private ImportService importService;


    @PostMapping(value = "/upload")
    @ResponseBody
    public String uploadExcel(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        MultipartHttpServletRequest multipartRequest = (MultipartHttpServletRequest) request;

        MultipartFile file = multipartRequest.getFile("filename");
        if (file.isEmpty()) {
            return "文件不能为空";
        }
        InputStream inputStream = file.getInputStream();
        List<List<Object>> list = importService.getBankListByExcel(inputStream, file.getOriginalFilename());
        inputStream.close();

        for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
            List<Object> lo = list.get(i);
            //TODO 随意发挥
            System.out.println(lo);

        }
        return "上传成功";
    }

}

service 代码

@Service
public class ImportService {


    /**
     * 处理上传的文件
     *
     * @param in
     * @param fileName
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public List getBankListByExcel(InputStream in, String fileName) throws Exception {
        List list = new ArrayList<>();
        //创建Excel工作薄
        Workbook work = this.getWorkbook(in, fileName);
        if (null == work) {
            throw new Exception("创建Excel工作薄为空!");
        }
        Sheet sheet = null;
        Row row = null;
        Cell cell = null;

        for (int i = 0; i < work.getNumberOfSheets(); i++) {
            sheet = work.getSheetAt(i);
            if (sheet == null) {
                continue;
            }

            for (int j = sheet.getFirstRowNum(); j <= sheet.getLastRowNum(); j++) {
                row = sheet.getRow(j);
                if (row == null || row.getFirstCellNum() == j) {
                    continue;
                }

                List<Object> li = new ArrayList<>();
                for (int y = row.getFirstCellNum(); y < row.getLastCellNum(); y++) {
                    cell = row.getCell(y);
                    li.add(cell);
                }
                list.add(li);
            }
        }
        work.close();
        return list;
    }

    /**
     * 判断文件格式
     *
     * @param inStr
     * @param fileName
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public Workbook getWorkbook(InputStream inStr, String fileName) throws Exception {
        Workbook workbook = null;
        String fileType = fileName.substring(fileName.lastIndexOf("."));
        if (".xls".equals(fileType)) {
            workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(inStr);
        } else if (".xlsx".equals(fileType)) {
            workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(inStr);
        } else {
            throw new Exception("请上传excel文件!");
        }
        return workbook;
    }

}

代码下载

完整代码下载:github