MariaDB数据库服务后台

1、初始化mariaDB服务程序:

yum install mariadb mariadb-server           //安装mariaDB

 

systemctl start mariadb                      //启动mariadb

 

systemctl enable mariadb                     //添加到开机启动项中

 

初始化数据库服务程序:

 

[root@mysql-server ~]# mysql_secure_installation

 

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB

      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

 

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we’ll need the current

password for the root user.  If you’ve just installed MariaDB, and

you haven’t set the root password yet, the password will be blank,

so you should just press enter here.

 

Enter current password for root (enter for none):当前数据库密码为空,直接回车

OK, successfully used password, moving on…

 

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB

root user without the proper authorisation.

 

Set root password? [Y/n] y           设置root用户的数据库密码

New password:

Re-enter new password:

Password updated successfully!

Reloading privilege tables..

 … Success!

 

 

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone

to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for

them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation

go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a

production environment.

 

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y            删除匿名账号

 … Success!

 

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from ‘localhost’.  This

ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

 

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y         禁止root用户从远程登陆

 … Success!

 

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named ‘test’ that anyone can

access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed

before moving into a production environment.

 

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y      删除test库,并取消对其的访问权限

 – Dropping test database…

 … Success!

 – Removing privileges on test database…

 … Success!

 

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far

will take effect immediately.

 

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y           刷新授权表,让初始化后的设定立即生效

 … Success!

 

Cleaning up…

All done!  If you’ve completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB

installation should now be secure.

 

Thanks for using MariaDB!

 

 

2、设置防火墙对数据库服务的允许策略:

[root@mysql-server ~]# firewall-cmd –permanent –add-service=mysql 

success

[root@mysql-server ~]# firewall-cmd –reload

success

 

 

使用root用户登陆到数据库中:

[root@mysql-server ~]# mysql -u root -p

Enter password:

Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MariaDB connection id is 15

Server version: 5.5.52-MariaDB MariaDB Server

 

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

 

Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type ‘\c’ to clear the current input statement.

 

MariaDB [(none)]>

 

MariaDB [(none)]> set password = password(‘123456’);                 //修改当前用户的数据库密码