Spring Boot + Spring Cloud 实现权限管理系统 后端篇(二十五):Spring Security 版本

在线演示

演示地址:http://139.196.87.48:9002/kitty

用户名:admin 密码:admin

技术背景

到目前为止,我们使用的权限认证框架是 Shiro,虽然 Shiro 也足够好用并且简单,但对于 Spring 官方主推的安全框架 Spring Security,用户群也是甚大的,所以我们这里把当前的代码切分出一个 shiro-cloud 分支,作为 Shiro + Spring Cloud 技术的分支代码,dev 和 master 分支将替换为 Spring Security + Spring Cloud 的技术栈,并在后续计划中集成 Spring Security OAuth2 实现单点登录功能。

代码实现

Maven依赖

移除shiro依赖,添加Spring Scurity和JWT依赖包,jwt目前的最新版本是0.9.1。

<!-- spring security -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>
<!-- jwt -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.jsonwebtoken</groupId>
    <artifactId>jjwt</artifactId>
    <version>${jwt.version}</version>
</dependency>

权限注解

替换Shiro的权限注解为Spring Security的权限注解。

格式如下:

@PreAuthorize(“hasAuthority(‘sys:menu:view’)”)

SysMenuController.java

package com.louis.kitty.admin.controller;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.access.prepost.PreAuthorize;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import com.louis.kitty.admin.model.SysMenu;
import com.louis.kitty.admin.sevice.SysMenuService;
import com.louis.kitty.core.http.HttpResult;

/**
 * 菜单控制器
 * @author Louis
 * @date Oct 29, 2018
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping("menu")
public class SysMenuController {

    @Autowired
    private SysMenuService sysMenuService;
    
    @PreAuthorize("hasAuthority('sys:menu:add') AND hasAuthority('sys:menu:edit')")
    @PostMapping(value="/save")
    public HttpResult save(@RequestBody SysMenu record) {
        return HttpResult.ok(sysMenuService.save(record));
    }

    @PreAuthorize("hasAuthority('sys:menu:delete')")
    @PostMapping(value="/delete")
    public HttpResult delete(@RequestBody List<SysMenu> records) {
        return HttpResult.ok(sysMenuService.delete(records));
    }

    @PreAuthorize("hasAuthority('sys:menu:view')")
    @GetMapping(value="/findNavTree")
    public HttpResult findNavTree(@RequestParam String userName) {
        return HttpResult.ok(sysMenuService.findTree(userName, 1));
    }
    
    @PreAuthorize("hasAuthority('sys:menu:view')")
    @GetMapping(value="/findMenuTree")
    public HttpResult findMenuTree() {
        return HttpResult.ok(sysMenuService.findTree(null, 0));
    }
}

Spring Security注解默认是关闭的,可以通过在配置类添加以下注解开启。

@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)

安全配置

添加安全配置类, 继承 WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter,配置URL验证策略和相关过滤器以及自定义的登录验证组件。

WebSecurityConfig.java

package com.louis.kitty.admin.config;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.http.HttpMethod;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.AuthenticationManager;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.method.configuration.EnableGlobalMethodSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.HttpStatusReturningLogoutSuccessHandler;

import com.louis.kitty.admin.security.JwtAuthenticationFilter;
import com.louis.kitty.admin.security.JwtAuthenticationProvider;

/**
 * Spring Security Config
 * @author Louis
 * @date Nov 20, 2018
 */
@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    private UserDetailsService userDetailsService;
    
    @Override
    public void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        // 使用自定义身份验证组件
        auth.authenticationProvider(new JwtAuthenticationProvider(userDetailsService));
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        // 禁用 csrf, 由于使用的是JWT,我们这里不需要csrf
        http.cors().and().csrf().disable()
            .authorizeRequests()
            // 跨域预检请求
            .antMatchers(HttpMethod.OPTIONS, "/**").permitAll()
            // web jars
            .antMatchers("/webjars/**").permitAll()
            // 查看SQL监控(druid)
            .antMatchers("/druid/**").permitAll()
            // 首页和登录页面
            .antMatchers("/").permitAll()
            .antMatchers("/login").permitAll()
            // swagger
            .antMatchers("/swagger-ui.html").permitAll()
            .antMatchers("/swagger-resources").permitAll()
            .antMatchers("/v2/api-docs").permitAll()
            .antMatchers("/webjars/springfox-swagger-ui/**").permitAll()
            // 验证码
            .antMatchers("/captcha.jpg**").permitAll()
            // 服务监控
            .antMatchers("/actuator/**").permitAll()
            // 其他所有请求需要身份认证
            .anyRequest().authenticated();
        // 退出登录处理器
        http.logout().logoutSuccessHandler(new HttpStatusReturningLogoutSuccessHandler());
        // 登录认证过滤器
        http.addFilterBefore(new JwtAuthenticationFilter(authenticationManager()), UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter.class);
    }

    @Bean
    @Override
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManager() throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManager();
    }
    
}

登录验证组件

继承 DaoAuthenticationProvider, 实现自定义的登录验证组件,覆写密码验证逻辑。

JwtAuthenticationProvider.java

package com.louis.kitty.admin.security;

import org.springframework.security.authentication.BadCredentialsException;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.dao.DaoAuthenticationProvider;
import org.springframework.security.core.AuthenticationException;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService;

import com.louis.kitty.admin.util.PasswordEncoder;

/**
 * 身份验证提供者
 * @author Louis
 * @date Nov 20, 2018
 */
public class JwtAuthenticationProvider extends DaoAuthenticationProvider {

    public JwtAuthenticationProvider(UserDetailsService userDetailsService) {
        setUserDetailsService(userDetailsService);
    }

    @Override
    protected void additionalAuthenticationChecks(UserDetails userDetails, UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken authentication)
            throws AuthenticationException {
        if (authentication.getCredentials() == null) {
            logger.debug("Authentication failed: no credentials provided");
            throw new BadCredentialsException(messages.getMessage("AbstractUserDetailsAuthenticationProvider.badCredentials", "Bad credentials"));
        }

        String presentedPassword = authentication.getCredentials().toString();
        String salt = ((JwtUserDetails) userDetails).getSalt();
        // 覆写密码验证逻辑
        if (!new PasswordEncoder(salt).matches(userDetails.getPassword(), presentedPassword)) {
            logger.debug("Authentication failed: password does not match stored value");
            throw new BadCredentialsException(messages.getMessage("AbstractUserDetailsAuthenticationProvider.badCredentials", "Bad credentials"));
        }
    }

}

用户认证信息查询组件

实现 UserDetailsService 接口,定义用户认证信息查询组件,用于获取认证所需的用户信息和授权信息。

UserDetailsServiceImpl.java

package com.louis.kitty.admin.security;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UsernameNotFoundException;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import com.louis.kitty.admin.model.SysUser;
import com.louis.kitty.admin.sevice.SysUserService;

/**
 * 用户登录认证信息查询
 * @author Louis
 * @date Nov 20, 2018
 */
@Service
public class UserDetailsServiceImpl implements UserDetailsService {

    @Autowired
    private SysUserService sysUserService;

    @Override
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
        SysUser user = sysUserService.findByName(username);
        if (user == null) {
            throw new UsernameNotFoundException("该用户不存在");
        }
        // 用户权限列表,根据用户拥有的权限标识与如 @PreAuthorize("hasAuthority('sys:menu:view')") 标注的接口对比,决定是否可以调用接口
        Set<String> permissions = sysUserService.findPermissions(user.getName());
        List<GrantedAuthority> grantedAuthorities = permissions.stream().map(GrantedAuthorityImpl::new).collect(Collectors.toList());
        return new JwtUserDetails(user.getName(), user.getPassword(), user.getSalt(), grantedAuthorities);
    }
}

用户认证信息封装

上面 UserDetailsService 查询的信息需要封装到实现 UserDetails 接口的封装对象里。

JwtUserDetails.java

package com.louis.kitty.admin.security;
import java.util.Collection;

import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonIgnore;

/**
 * 安全用户模型
 * @author Louis
 * @date Nov 20, 2018
 */
public class JwtUserDetails implements UserDetails {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private String salt;
    private Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> authorities;

    JwtUserDetails(String username, String password, String salt, Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> authorities) {
        this.username = username;
        this.password = password;
        this.salt = salt;
        this.authorities = authorities;
    }

    @Override
    public String getUsername() {
        return username;
    }

    @JsonIgnore
    @Override
    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    public String getSalt() {
        return salt;
    }
    
    @Override
    public Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> getAuthorities() {
        return authorities;
    }

    @JsonIgnore
    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @JsonIgnore
    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonLocked() {
        return true;
    }

    @JsonIgnore
    @Override
    public boolean isCredentialsNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @JsonIgnore
    @Override
    public boolean isEnabled() {
        return true;
    }

}

登录接口

因为我们没有使用内置的 formLogin 登录处理过滤器,所以需要调用登录认证流程,修改登录接口,加入系统登录认证调用。

SysLoginController.java

   /**
     * 登录接口
     */
    @PostMapping(value = "/login")
    public HttpResult login(@RequestBody LoginBean loginBean, HttpServletRequest request) throws IOException {
        String username = loginBean.getAccount();
        String password = loginBean.getPassword();
        String captcha = loginBean.getCaptcha();...
     // 系统登录认证 JwtAuthenticatioToken token = SecurityUtils.login(request, username, password, authenticationManager); return HttpResult.ok(token); }

Spring Security 的登录认证过程是通过调用 AuthenticationManager 的 authenticate(token) 方法实现的。

登录流程中主要是返回一个认证好的 Authentication 对象,然后保存到上下文供后续进行授权的时候使用。

登录认证成功之后,会利用JWT生成 token 返回给客户端,后续的访问都需要携带此 token 来进行认证。

SecurityUtils.java

    /**
     * 系统登录认证
     * @param request
     * @param username
     * @param password
     * @param authenticationManager
     * @return
     */
    public static JwtAuthenticatioToken login(HttpServletRequest request, String username, String password, AuthenticationManager authenticationManager) {
        JwtAuthenticatioToken token = new JwtAuthenticatioToken(username, password);
        token.setDetails(new WebAuthenticationDetailsSource().buildDetails(request));
        // 执行登录认证过程
        Authentication authentication = authenticationManager.authenticate(token);
        // 认证成功存储认证信息到上下文
        SecurityContextHolder.getContext().setAuthentication(authentication);
        // 生成令牌并返回给客户端
        token.setToken(JwtTokenUtils.generateToken(authentication));
        return token;
    }

令牌生成器

令牌生成器主要是利用JWT生成所需的令牌,部分代码如下。

JwtTokenUtils.java

/**
 * JWT工具类
 * @author Louis
 * @date Nov 20, 2018
 */
public class JwtTokenUtils implements Serializable {

    /**
     * 生成令牌
     * @param userDetails 用户
     * @return 令牌
     */
    public static String generateToken(Authentication authentication) {
        Map<String, Object> claims = new HashMap<>(3);
        claims.put(USERNAME, SecurityUtils.getUsername(authentication));
        claims.put(CREATED, new Date());
        claims.put(AUTHORITIES, authentication.getAuthorities());
        return generateToken(claims);
    }

    /**
     * 从数据声明生成令牌
     * @param claims 数据声明
     * @return 令牌
     */
    private static String generateToken(Map<String, Object> claims) {
        Date expirationDate = new Date(System.currentTimeMillis() + EXPIRE_TIME);
        return Jwts.builder().setClaims(claims).setExpiration(expirationDate).signWith(SignatureAlgorithm.HS512, SECRET).compact();
    }
}

登录认证过滤器

登录认证过滤器继承 BasicAuthenticationFilter,在访问任何URL的时候会被此过滤器拦截,通过调用 SecurityUtils.checkAuthentication(request) 检查登录状态。

JwtAuthenticationFilter.java

package com.louis.kitty.admin.security;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.AuthenticationManager;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.www.BasicAuthenticationFilter;

import com.louis.kitty.admin.util.SecurityUtils;

/**
 * 登录认证过滤器
 * @author Louis
 * @date Nov 20, 2018
 */
public class JwtAuthenticationFilter extends BasicAuthenticationFilter {

    
    @Autowired
    public JwtAuthenticationFilter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager) {
        super(authenticationManager);
    }

    @Override
    protected void doFilterInternal(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        // 获取token, 并检查登录状态
        SecurityUtils.checkAuthentication(request);
        chain.doFilter(request, response);
    }
    
}

登录认证检查

登录验证检查是通过 SecurityUtils.checkAuthentication(request) 来完成的。

SecurityUtils.java

    /**
     * 获取令牌进行认证
     * @param request
     */
    public static void checkAuthentication(HttpServletRequest request) {
        // 获取令牌并根据令牌获取登录认证信息
        Authentication authentication = JwtTokenUtils.getAuthenticationeFromToken(request);
        // 设置登录认证信息到上下文
        SecurityContextHolder.getContext().setAuthentication(authentication);
    }

上面的登录验证是通过 JwtTokenUtils.getAuthenticationeFromToken(request),来验证令牌并返回登录信息的。

JwtTokenUtils.java

    /**
     * 根据请求令牌获取登录认证信息
     * @param token 令牌
     * @return 用户名
     */
    public static Authentication getAuthenticationeFromToken(HttpServletRequest request) {
        Authentication authentication = null;
        // 获取请求携带的令牌
        String token = JwtTokenUtils.getToken(request);
        if(token != null) {
            // 请求令牌不能为空
            if(SecurityUtils.getAuthentication() == null) {
                // 上下文中Authentication为空
                Claims claims = getClaimsFromToken(token);
                if(claims == null) {
                    return null;
                }
                String username = claims.getSubject();
                if(username == null) {
                    return null;
                }
                if(isTokenExpired(token)) {
                    return null;
                }
                Object authors = claims.get(AUTHORITIES);
                List<GrantedAuthority> authorities = new ArrayList<GrantedAuthority>();
                if (authors != null && authors instanceof List) {
                    for (Object object : (List) authors) {
                        authorities.add(new GrantedAuthorityImpl((String) ((Map) object).get("authority")));
                    }
                }
                authentication = new JwtAuthenticatioToken(username, null, authorities, token);
            } else {
                if(validateToken(token, SecurityUtils.getUsername())) {
                    // 如果上下文中Authentication非空,且请求令牌合法,直接返回当前登录认证信息
                    authentication = SecurityUtils.getAuthentication();
                }
            }
        }
        return authentication;
    }

清除Shiro配置

清除掉 config 包下的 ShiroConfig 配置类。

清除 oautho2 包下有关 Shiro 的相关代码。

清除掉 sys_token 表和相关操作代码。

 

源码下载

后端:https://gitee.com/liuge1988/kitty

前端:https://gitee.com/liuge1988/kitty-ui.git


作者:朝雨忆轻尘
出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/xifengxiaoma/ 
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